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Wealth of Nations : The Polarization of Job Opportunities in the U.S. Labor Market: Implications for Employment and Earnings

David Autor, Community Investments, US, 2011년 발간

세부항목 안내표
대분류 키워드 Time Horizon Quality Territorial Scope
Social Job Opportunities, Labor Market 없음 Not Yet National

Issue 보고서

요약

Between December 2007, when the U.S. housing

and financial crises became the subject of daily

news headlines, and July 2011, the civilian unemployment

rate nearly doubled, to 9.1 percent

from 5.0 percent, while the employment-to-population

ratio dropped to 58.1 percent from 62.7 percent—the

lowest level seen in more than 25 years.

본문

Employment growth is “polarizing” into relatively high-skill, high-wage jobs and low-skill, low-wage jobs

 

Key contributors to job polarization are the automation of routine work and the international integration of labor markets

 

The earnings of college-educated workers relative to high school-educated workers have risen steadily for almost three decades

 

Rising relative earnings of college graduates are due both to rising real earnings for college workers and falling real earnings for noncollege workers—particularly noncollege males

 

Gains in educational attainment have not generally kept pace with rising educational returns, particularly for males

 

Conclusion

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ID 제목 카테고리 Territorial Scope
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