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Wealth of Nations : China 2030: Building a Modern, Harmonious, and Creative Society

The World Bank, The World Bank, China, 2013년 발간

세부항목 안내표
대분류 키워드 Time Horizon Quality Territorial Scope
Social Society 2030년 Recommand National

Report 보고서

요약

By any standard, China’s economic performance over the last three decades has been impressive. GDP growth averaged 10 percent a year, and over 500 million people were lifted out of poverty. China is now the world’s largest exporter and manufacturer, and its second largest economy. Even if growth moderates, China is likely to become a high-income economy and the world’s largest economy before 2030, notwithstanding the fact that its per capita income would still be a fraction of the average in advanced economies. But two questions arise. Can China’s growth rate still be among the highest in the world even if it slows from its current pace? And can it maintain this rapid growth with little disruption to the world, the environment, and the fabric of its own society? This report answers both questions in the affirmative, without downplaying the risks. By 2030, China has the potential to be a modern, harmonious, and creative high-income society. But achieving this objective will not be easy. To seize its opportunities, meet its many challenges, and realize its development vision for 2030, China needs to implement a new development strategy in its next phase of development. The reforms that launched China on its current growth trajectory were inspired by Deng Xiaoping, who played an important role in building consensus for a 

fundamental shift in the country’s strategy. After more than 30 years of rapid growth, China has reached another turning point in its development path when a second strategic, and no less fundamental, shift is called for. The 12th Five Year Plan provides an excellent start. This report combines its key elements to design a longer-term strategy that extends to 2030. More important, it focuses on the “how,” not just the “what.” Six important messages emerge from the analysis

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1 China’s Path: 19782030 ............................................ 4

2 A New Development Strategy for 2030 .................................. 15

3 Structural Reforms for a Market-Based Economy with Sound Foundations ...... 25 4 Increasing the Pace of Innovation ....................................... 34

5 Seizing the Opportunity of Green Development ............................ 39

6 Equal Opportunity and Basic Security for All ............................. 46

7 Strengthening the Fiscal System and Aligning It with the Evolving Role of Government ................................................. 55

8 Achieving Mutually Beneficial Relations with the Rest of World ............... 60

9 Overcoming Obstacles to Implementing Reforms .......................... 65

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