본문바로가기

Wealth of Nations : a teSt of LeaDerSHip charting the future of U.S. Higher education

U.S. Department of eDUcation, U.S. Department of eDUcation, 2006년 발간

세부항목 안내표
대분류 키워드 Time Horizon Quality Territorial Scope
Vision · Strategy Education 없음 Recommand Regional

Report 보고서

요약

THE VALUE OF HIGHER EDUCATION 

n an era when intellectual capital is increasingly prized, both for individuals and for the nation, postsecondary education has never been more important. Ninety percent of  the fastest-growing jobs in the new knowledge-driven economy will require some postsecondary education. Already, the median earnings of a U.S.  worker with only a high school diploma are 37 percent less than those of a worker with a bachelor’s degree. Colleges  and universities must continue to be the major route for new generations of Americans to achieve social mobility. And for the country as a whole, future economic growth will depend on our ability to sustain excellence, innovation, and leadership in higher education. But even the economic benefits of a college degree could diminish if students don’t acquire the appropriate skills.

ACCESS

We found that access to American higher education is unduly limited by the complex interplay of inadequate preparation, lack of information about college opportunities, and persistent financial barriers. Substandard high school preparation is compounded by poor alignment between high schools and colleges, which often creates an “expectations gap” between what colleges require and what high schools produce. Although the proportion of high school graduates who go on to college has risen substantially in recent decades, the college completion rate has failed to improve at anywhere near the same pace. Shortcomings in high schools mean that an unacceptable number of college students must take costly remedial classes. Moreover, there is a troubling and persistent gap between the college attendance and graduation rates of low-income Americans and their more affluent peers. Similar gaps characterize the college attendance rates—and especially the college completion rates—of the nation’s growing population of racial and ethnic minorities. While about one-third of whites have obtained bachelor’s degrees by age 25–29, for example, just 18 percent of blacks and 10 percent of Latinos in the same age cohort have earned degrees by that time.

본문

REPORT

Acknowledgments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . v

Preamble . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ix

Summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1

Findings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  . . . . . 7

Recommendations. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .17

Conclusion . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  . .29

References . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .31

APPENDIXES

Appendix A: Charter. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . .33

Appendix B: Commission and Staff Roster and Biographies . . .  . . . . . . . . . . .35

Appendix C: Issue Papers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .45

Appendix D: Organizations that Provided Information to the Commission . . ..47

Appendix E: Commission Meetings, Hearings, and Testimony . . . . . . . . . . .. .51

연관자료

연관자료 list
ID 제목 카테고리 Territorial Scope
연관자료 정보가 없습니다.