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Wealth of Nations : The Future of Electricity

WEF, World Economic Forum, 2015년 발간

세부항목 안내표
대분류 키워드 Time Horizon Quality Territorial Scope
Technological,Economics Electricity 2040년 Highly Recommand Global

Report 보고서

요약

The electricity sector is undergoing an unprecedented

transition. In the past, the sector provided affordable, secure

and reliable electricity by attracting investors with low risk,

stable returns. In the last decade, significant declines in

the cost of renewable technologies, combined with new

sources of natural gas, have offered the opportunity to

simultaneously decarbonize the sector while also increasing

energy security and reducing dependence on imported

fuels.

OECD countries have invested heavily to achieve this,

spending $3 trillion on new renewable and conventional

power plants, transmission and distribution (T&D)

infrastructure, and energy efficiency measures. This

investment has helped reduce carbon intensity per unit

generated by about 1% per annum and increase energy

security by reducing imports of fuels by about 4%.

Yet more has to be done, especially as the industry is less

than 30% through the process, with a further $8 trillion

needed from now until 2040 to meet policy objectives.

The experience of the EU – an early mover – raises

concerns over the ability to attract this additional investment.

As renewable capacity has been deployed in the EU,

returns on capital have fallen across the board and risks for

investors and technology providers have risen due to policy

instability. This crisis of “investability” has highlighted lessons

for policy-makers, regulators, business and investors,

whether in the developed or developing markets.

본문

Preface

5 Letter from the Chairs

6 Executive Summary

8 Transitioning to a New Paradigm

18 Choices Ahead: Attracting Investment to the Sector

24 Conclusion

26 References

28 Acknowledgements

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