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Wealth of Nations : PREPARING FOR THE FUTURE OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

Executive Office of the President National Science and Technology Council Committee on Technology, Executive Office of the President National Science and Technology Council Committee on Technology, America, 2016년 발간

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Social,Technological Artificial Intelligence, A.I. 없음 Highly Recommand National

Report 보고서

요약

As a contribution toward preparing the United States for a future in which Artificial Intelligence (AI) plays a growing role, we survey the current state of AI, its existing and potential applications, and the questions that are raised for society and public policy by progress in AI. We also make recommendations for specific further actions by Federal agencies and other actors. A companion document called the National Artificial Intelligence Research and Development Strategic Plan lays out a strategic plan for Federally-funded research and development in AI.

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Executive Summary ..................................................................................................................................................... 1

Introduction ................................................................................................................................................................. 5

A Brief History of AI ........................................................................................................................................... 5

What is Artificial Intelligence? ............................................................................................................................ 6

The Current State of AI ........................................................................................................................................ 7

Public Outreach and Development of this Report .................................................................................................. 12

Applications of AI for Public Good .......................................................................................................................... 13

AI in the Federal Government .................................................................................................................................. 15

AI and Regulation ...................................................................................................................................................... 17

Case Study: Autonomous Vehicles and Aircraft ................................................................................................ 18

Research and Workforce .......................................................................................................................................... 23

Monitoring Progress in AI.................................................................................................................................. 23

Federal Support for AI Research ........................................................................................................................ 25

Workforce Development and Diversity ............................................................................................................. 26

AI, Automation, and the Economy ....................................................................................................................... 29

Fairness, Safety, and Governance ............................................................................................................................ 30

Justice, Fairness, and Accountability ................................................................................................................. 30

Safety and Control.............................................................................................................................................. 32

Global Considerations and Security ........................................................................................................................ 35

International Cooperation ................................................................................................................................... 35

AI and Cybersecurity ......................................................................................................................................... 36

AI in Weapon Systems ....................................................................................................................................... 37

Conclusion ...............................................................................................................................39

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