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Wealth of Nations : Our Planet, Our Health, Our Future

World Health Organization, World Health Organization, 2012년 발간

세부항목 안내표
대분류 키워드 Time Horizon Quality Territorial Scope
Social Planet, Health, Future 없음 Recommand Global

Report 보고서

요약

“Human beings are at the centre of concerns for sustainable development.

They are entitled to a healthy and productive life in harmony with nature”

Health is our most basic human right and one of the most important indicators of sustainable

development. We rely on healthy ecosystems to support healthy communities and societies. Wellfunctioning

ecosystems provide goods and services essential for human health. These include

nutrition and food security, clean air and fresh water, medicines, cultural and spiritual values,

and contributions to local livelihoods and economic development. They can also help to limit

disease and stabilize the climate. Health policies need to recognize these essential contributions.

The three so-called Rio Conventions arising from the 1992 Earth Summit – the Convention on

Biological Diversity, the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and the

United Nations Convention to Combat Desertification – together aim to maintain well-functioning

ecosystems for the benefit of humanity.

There is growing evidence of the impacts of global environmental changes on ecosystems and

people, and a renewed consciousness among peoples and nations of the need to act quickly to

protect the planet’s ecological and climatic systems. In the last two decades, the Rio Conventions

have brought global attention to the impacts of anthropogenic change on the ecosystems of the

planet. Increasingly unsustainable practices are placing pressure on natural resources to meet

the demands of our economies and the needs of a rapidly growing global population, resulting

in soil, water and air pollution, increased emissions of greenhouse gases, deforestation and land

use change, expanded urban areas, introduction of non-native species, and inadequately planned

development of water and land resources to meet food and energy needs. These changes are having

both direct and indirect impacts on our climate, ecosystems and biological diversity. More

than ever, the pursuit of public health, at all levels from local to global, now depends on careful

attention to the processes of global environmental change.

Traditional knowledge and scientific evidence both point to the inexorable role of global environmental

changes in terms of their impact on human health and well-being. In many countries,

anthropogenic changes to agriculture-related ecosystems have resulted in great benefits for

human health and well-being, in particular through increased global food production and

improved food security. These positive impacts, however, have not benefited everyone, and

unsustainable levels of use of ecosystems have resulted in irreparable loss and degradation, with

negative consequences for health and well-being. These range from emerging infectious diseases

to malnutrition, and contribute to the rapid rise in noncommunicable diseases. Large-scale

human transformation of the environment has contributed to increased disease burdens associated

with the expansion of ecological and climatic conditions favourable for disease vectors. For

all humans, the provision of adequate nutrition, clean water, and long-term food security depend

directly on functioning agro-ecosystems and indirectly on the regulating ecosystem services

of the biosphere; these ecosystem services can be eroded if overexploited and poorly managed.

본문

1.Introduction: healthy planet, healthy people 7

2.Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) 13

3.United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) 22

4.Convention to Combat Desertification (UNCCD) 34

5.Integrating health and global environmental change

into sustainable development 43

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