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Wealth of Nations : RECYCLING- FROM E-WASTE TO RESOURCES

United Nations Environment Programme, United Nations Environment Programme, 2009년 발간

세부항목 안내표
대분류 키워드 Time Horizon Quality Territorial Scope
Social,Environmental RECYCLING 없음 Recommand Global

Report 보고서

요약

Sustainable Innovation, understood as the shift of sustainable technologies, products and services to the market, requires a market creation concept and one common global agenda. The challenge is to raise awareness among all actors of the different sectors in order to realize the innovation potential and to shift to eco-innovations that lead to sustainable consumption and production patterns. Throughout this study prepared within the “Solving the E-Waste Problem (StEP) Initiative” the focus lies on a consistent set of different types of metals (ferrous and non-ferrous metals) such as aluminium (Al), copper (Cu), palladium (Pd) and gold (Au). Toxic and hazardous elements are present in e-waste, which are partially drivers for the implementation of sound collection and treatment processes. Therefore in the discussion of recycling technologies, the proper handling and treatment of such harmful elements to prevent environmental or health impact is included. Furthermore, the use and generation of toxic/hazardous substances during e-waste processing (for example, a mercury-gold amalgam or combined dioxins from inappropriate incineration) is critically evaluated with respect to the sustainability criteria for innovative technologies. 

본문

1 INTRODUCTION .............................................................................................. 1

2 FUNDAMENTALS OF E-WASTE RECYCLING ..................................................... 6

3 MARKETS FOR RECYCLING TECHNOLOGY ..................................................... 21

4 APPLICATION OF A “TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER FRAMEWORK” FOR

   SELECTED RECYCLING TECHNOLOGIES ........................................................ 72

5 INNOVATION HUBS AND KNOWLEDGE CENTRES OF EXCELLENCE IN

   EMERGING ECONOMIES ................................................................................ 78

6 REFERENCES ................................................................................................ 85 

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