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Wealth of Nations : TOWARDS A WATER AND FOOD SECURE FUTURE

FAO Mediabase, FAO Mediabase, 2015년 발간

세부항목 안내표
대분류 키워드 Time Horizon Quality Territorial Scope
Social WATER AND FOOD 없음 Recommand Global

Report 보고서

요약

The Outlook for Water and Food Security in 2050

1. The prospect for global food supply between now and 2050 is encouraging, although many of the poor will remain food insecure.  Food production will be sufficient to support a global population of 9 to 10 billion in 2050, although food and nutritional insecurity will persist in many regions. Substantial public and private-sector investments and policy interventions are needed between now and 2050, particularly in agriculture, to reduce poverty, increase incomes, and ensure food security for many of the world’s rural and urban residents. 

2. While there will be sufficient water to satisfy the demand for food at the global level, an increasing number of regions will face growing water scarcity, which will impact rural and urban livelihoods, food security and economic activities. Globally, water resources will be sufficient to produce the food required in 2050, but many regions will face substantial water scarcity. Water shortages will result in increasing competition, which will constrain agricultural production and affect the incomes and livelihood opportunities of many residents in rural and urban areas. Innovative and more effective governance mechanisms, together with investments in water technologies and infrastructure will be needed to mitigate the impacts of growing water shortages to ensure water is allocated in such a way as to secure its efficient use, protection of the natural resource base, and to ensure access to water for household use and agricultural production. Countries in water-scarce regions will increasingly need to devise food security strategies that explicitly consider structural food supply deficit and trade arrangements that will provide protection from food price volatility.


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1.  INTRODUCTION 1

2.  FOOD SECURITY: AVAILABILITY, ACCESS, UTILIZATION, AND STABILITY 3

     Availability 3

     Access 3

     Utilization 4

     Stability 5

3.  KEY MESSAGES: DISCUSSION 7

     The Outlook for Water and Food in 2050 7

     Critical Issues Determining the Outlook for 2050 9

     Essential Policies and Investments 20

     Water Governance, Institutions, and Incentives 34

4.  REFERENCES 41

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