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Wealth of Nations : The Future of Work: Digitalisation in the US Labour Market

Daphné Valsamis, An De Coen, Valentijn Vanoeteren, European Parliament, US, 2016년 발간

세부항목 안내표
대분류 키워드 Time Horizon Quality Territorial Scope
Economics digitalisation, labour market, US 없음 Highly Recommand National

Report 보고서

요약

The aim of these briefings is to analyse the effect of digitalisation in the US on:

 job creation and job losses;

 expectations regarding the skills required for the jobs of the future, and how the US

education system and labour market respond to those (formal and informal)

requirements;

 changing working conditions.

As the US West Coast economy could be considered as a ‘laboratory for the future’, we pay

special attention to the actual situation in Silicon Valley.

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LIST OF ABBREVIATIONS 4

LIST OF BOXES 5

LIST OF FIGURES 5

LIST OF TABLES 5

EXECUTIVE SUMMARY 6

1. INTRODUCTION 9

1.1. Context of the briefings 9

1.2. Objectives of the briefings 9

2. KEY FEATURES OF THE US LABOUR MARKET 11

2.1. The characteristics of the US labour market 11

2.2. Labour market regulation and social protection in the US 16

3. THE TRANSFORMATION OF JOBS IN THE US DUE TO

DIGITALISATION 19

3.1. Impact of digitalisation on skills 20

3.1.1. The evolution in the skills needed 20

3.1.2. Opposite views on digital skills gap 21

3.2. The impact of digitalisation on jobs in the US 24

3.3. The impact of digitalisation on working conditions: The rise of the gig

economy 26

4. SKILLS RELATED POLICY INITIATIVES 31

4.1. Efforts made to attract qualified workers through immigration 31

4.2. Continuous investments in the educational system 33

4.3. Innovation policy supports cutting-edge technological companies 34

5. FOCUS ON SILICON VALLEY 37

5.1. The economy of Silicon Valley 38

5.2. Job dynamics in Silicon Valley 39

5.3. Research in Silicon Valley 40

5.4. The culture of Silicon Valley 40

5.5. Rising inequality in Silicon Valley 42

5.6. Discrimination issues in Silicon Valley 44

REFERENCES 46

ANNEX 50

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