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Wealth of Nations : ENABLING THE NEXT PRODUCTION REVOLUTION: ISSUES PAPER

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, 2015년 발간

세부항목 안내표
대분류 키워드 Time Horizon Quality Territorial Scope
Economics the next production revolution 없음 Highly Recommand Global

Report 보고서

요약

Major science and technology-driven changes in production of goods and services are occurring now. Others – possibly more significant still - are on the horizon. Information and communication technologies (ICTs) such as the ‘Internet of Things’, 3D printing, industrial biotechnology and nanotechnology have the potential to dramatically change the outlook of production in the next 10 to 15 years. This may support a new industrial revolution. The convergence between the different technologies is particularly likely to distinguish this revolution from ‘normal’ technological advances and is therefore expected to result in disruptive changes.

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EXECUTIVE SUMMARY ......................................................................................................................... 3

PRODUCTION TODAY ............................................................................................................................. 4

Is OECD manufacturing (and thus production) in decline? ..................................................................... 4

The changing characteristics of OECD production .................................................................................. 5

OECD production is about manufacturing and (business) services ......................................................... 6

Denmark in global production .................................................................................................................. 6

THE NEXT PRODUCTION REVOLUTION ............................................................................................. 8

Megatrends will change future production ............................................................................................... 8

Towards advanced production: technologies that may revolutionise future production ........................ 10 Convergence between technologies will lead to disruptive changes ...................................................... 15

Key characteristics of future production ................................................................................................ 16

POLICY ISSUES AND CHALLENGES .................................................................................................. 19

A renewed interest for production in OECD economies ........................................................................ 19

Production and sustainable economic growth ........................................................................................ 20

Production, employment and inequality ................................................................................................. 20

Is policy ready for the next production revolution? ............................................................................... 21

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