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Wealth of Nations : The rise of a global middle class: global societal trends to 2030

Sam Drabble 외 다수, RAND Corporation, 2015년 발간

세부항목 안내표
대분류 키워드 Time Horizon Quality Territorial Scope
Economics middle class, inequality 2030년 Recommand Global

Scenario 보고서

요약

Over recent years, the European Union has experienced a number of challenges. Facing these issues has

required much effort from European policymakers. These reflect the unstable and fast-changing global

environment in which the Union is navigating. In the long term, this may challenge the Union’s

economic and political influence, and perhaps its ideals and values.

본문

Preface ....................................................................................................................................................... 4

Figures ....................................................................................................................................................... 7

Introduction .............................................................................................................................................. 8

1.1. The context for this study and the European Strategy and Policy Analysis System effort ..................... 8

1.2. The methods used for this Research Report designed to set out the evidence base for major

trends .................................................................................................................................................. 9

Chapter 1. Decreasing inequality between countries and the associated rise of the new global

middle class ....................................................................................................................................... 11

1.1. Defining the global middle class ........................................................................................................ 11

1.2. Economic growth and region-specific drivers of middle-class growth ................................................. 16

1.3. Uncertainties and potential alternative scenarios ................................................................................ 18

Chapter 2. Inequality within countries is increasing ............................................................................. 22

2.1. Drivers of inequality .......................................................................................................................... 25

2.2. Necessary conditions, uncertainties and alternatives .......................................................................... 27

Chapter 3. Future uncertainties: the relationship between within-country inequality and global

middle-class growth........................................................................................................................... 29

3.1. Values and the new global middle class: theoretical insights............................................................... 31

3.2. Uncertainty in the evidence on changing values ................................................................................ 31

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